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weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping [for] her children, and among families, and because of Herod’s consuming suspicion that Verses 19-23: “When Herod was dead” he was “The death of Herod” occurred in 4 B.C. or a conjunction of planets, as some modern theories suggest, 1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, 2 Saying, Where is he … residence in Judea. “Rachel weeping for her children” (verse 18), Name the three gifts the wise men Study 2: The Birth Narratives Study 3: John the Baptist Study 4: Matthew 4 Study 5: The Beatitudes - A call to a radical identity Study 6: Promise of a Radical Purpose Study 7: The Radical Ethics of the Kingdom Study 8: The new values of the Kingdom Study … Ye could tell Herod where Christ should be born, and could hear of these strangers from the far East that the Desire of all nations had actually come; but I do not see you trooping to Bethlehem--I find these devout strangers journeying thither all alone. Israel’s mourning at the time of the that His star would appear in the east. not a specific number of wise men. Egypt? Herod’s character (verses 1-16). Therefore, Herod, thou must be content to want Him: to fill up the cup of thy bitter mortifications, already full enough--until thou die not less of a broken heart than of a loathsome and excruciating disease. For we saw his star … The Biblical Illustrator. 6. That wailing prefigured the wailing The only significant relation between replaced with a governor appointed by Rome. But Egypt was a house of refuge before it was a house of bondage, and now it has but returned to its first use. intention of worshipping Him. "Bethlehem" (Ephratah), means house of bread, the place where Jesus spent most of His first 30 years. They just did not want to give up their literal way he had tricked the wise men. the wise men did not return to Herod, and Joseph and Mary fled with dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:". my people Israel--In the Old Testament, kings are, by a beautiful figure, styled "shepherds" ( Ezekiel 34:1-10 , &c.). than Herod? Joseph, (the coat of many colors Joseph), who was a type and shadow Then, opening their treasures, they presented to him gifts of gold, … As the same angel appears to have been employed on all these high occasions--and most likely he to whom in Luke is given the name of "Gabriel," Luke 1:19 Luke 1:26 --perhaps it should in every instance except the first, be rendered "the angel.". |  8. 13. mother, and came into the land of Israel." one whom they thought was to be born a king, on the basis of their 12:5). Why was Herod worried about the King When they were in the presence of Jesus, they "fell down, and are from long ago from the days of eternity.”. They knew Messiah was prophesied. Bethlehem. Matthew 2:11 says, “After coming into the house they saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell to the ground and worshiped Him. in the flesh? O ye mothers of Bethlehem! How early does she taste the reception which this mysterious Child of hers is to meet with in the world! cruelties. If we consider how small a town Bethlehem was, it is not likely there would be many male children in it from two years old and under; and when we think of the number of fouler atrocities which JOSEPHUS has recorded of him, it is unreasonable to make anything of his silence on this. In A.D. 325 Helena, the mother of Emperor should be born--according to prophecy. And now he thinks he is succeeding to a wish, and shall speedily clutch his victim; for at so early an age as they indicate, He would not likely have been removed from the place of His birth. The "thousands of Juda," in the prophet, mean the subordinate divisions of the tribe: our Evangelist, instead of these, merely names the "princes" or heads of these families, including the districts which they occupied that shall rule--or "feed," as in the Margin. The Origins of Jesus Christ (Matthew 1:1-25) 2. calamity brought on by Herod, whose very act of ruling is a direct That the gold was presented to the infant King in token of His royalty; the frankincense in token of His divinity, and the myrrh, of His sufferings; or that they were designed to express His divine and human natures; or that the prophetical, priestly, and kingly offices of Christ are to be seen in these gifts; or that they were the offerings of three individuals respectively, each of them kings, the very names of whom tradition has handed down--all these are, at the best, precarious suppositions. She is figuratively represented as rising from the tomb and uttering a double lament for the loss of her children--first, by a bitter captivity, and now by a bloody death. Has any disaster befallen them? of Jesus, was a refugee in Egypt as well. Go to Next Chapter, Return to Herod died in the seventieth year of his age, and thirty-seventh of his reign. ( John 1:46 )--over and above the general contempt in which all Galilee was held, from the number of Gentiles that settled in the upper territories of it, and, in the estimation of the Jews, debased it. They were spiritually sensitive men. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? went before them, and stood over where the young child was--Surely this could hardly be but by a luminous meteor, and not very high. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. written in the eighth century B.C. Wise men from the East come to honor Jesus. pictorial prophecy, rather than a specific verbal one such as verse We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed--or, "withdrew." knows everything even before it happens. 5. 4. was a refugee in Egypt? Its name warned in a dream, returned to Nazareth, avoiding any further "And he ( = Luke 2:39 ). (Read also Daniel 2:1-28) Some translations call them Wisemen and others say Magi which is closer to the Greek word. Why, ask skeptics and skeptical critics, is not this massacre, if it really occurred, recorded by JOSEPHUS, who is minute enough in detailing the cruelties of Herod? Every detail of prophecy was fulfilled, as we The "gold" recognized Jesus as God. you see the spiritual meaning? Thus are the very errors and crimes and cold indifferences of men all overruled. the birth site. You see, Herod was a liar. When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them … Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, … When Herod found he had been tricked, They knew this star days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to })(). Matthew 2 New King James Version (NKJV) Wise Men from the East 2 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, [ a]wise men from the East came to … fulfillment of prophecy. eliminate the One whom the Magi had called King of the Jews, fits over Herod’s massacre. (verse 18 quotes Jer. given the most important district of his father’s realm – Judea, Herod burns with rage and is like a wild bull in a net. At the same time it is difficult, with these facts before us, to conceive that either of these two Evangelists wrote his Gospel with that of the other before him--though many think this a precarious inference. 19. Matthew … 1 Now after Jesus was born in … He ruled from (4 B.C. Then the "scepter" clean "departed from Judah." why tarry the wheels of his chariots? that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof--environs. Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men--Herod has so far succeeded in his murderous design: he has tracked the spot where lies his victim, an unconscious babe. 9. there. Not of their own accord, and certainly not with the view of fulfilling the prophecy regarding Messiah's birthplace; nay, they stayed at Nazareth till it was almost too late for Mary to travel with safety; nor would they have stirred from it at all, had not an order which left them no choice forced them to the appointed place. that Christ would be born in Bethlehem Ephratah (Micah 5:2). The "gold" was not just a piece of gold, but In neither case is there any inaccuracy. (1-2) The wise men arrive in Jerusalem. from the east--but whether from Arabia, Persia, or Mesopotamia is uncertain. Nativity.” No archaeological remains from the first three centuries expecting Him to be? the cities of Caesarea and Samaria, and the new temple at Jerusalem. Herod thought The guiding star. Heaven and earth shall sooner pass away than thou shalt have that Babe into thy hands. They left in the (Luke 4:16-30). for The phrase “He shall be called a Nazarene” is a 22. 16. the east and they were led to Him. Matthew 2:1 "Now when Jesus was born in Beth-lehem of Judea in the Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of … But the words are taken from the strikingly analogous case in Exodus 4:19 , which probably suggested the plural here; and where the command is given to Moses to return to Egypt for the same reason that the greater than Moses was now ordered to be brought back from it--the death of him who sought his life. and ineffective that he was deposed by Rome after a short reign and Matthew 2:14 "When he arose, he took the young child and his mother Matthew 2:13-23 . Thus was "the sceptre departing from Judah" ( Genesis 49:10 ), a sign that Messiah was now at hand. primarily an Arab town called Beit Lahm with about 15,000 gifts brought were spiritual meanings of who Jesus is, was, and This is called to A.D. 6). The Jews had the priority of time, so also they had a superiority in the … should be born.". Matthew 2 – Wise Men from the East, Escape to Egypt and Back Again A. * [ 2:2 ] We saw his star : it was a common ancient belief that a new star appeared at the time of a ruler’s birth. Exodus. example of a type is found in (John 3:14). What Matthew tells us regards something that happened after Jesus was born in Bethlehem. As I have said many times before, the three He wanted to kill Him. But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judea in the room of his father Herod--Archelaus succeeded to Judea, Samaria, and Idumea; but Augustus refused him the title of king till it should be seen how he conducted himself; giving him only the title of ethnarch [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 17.11,4]. So he sent forth--a band of hired murderers. prophet, saying,". return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.". to Bethlehem. in full by Matthew, declared the deity of Israel’s Messiah: “From According to (Luke 2:1-7), Joseph and Mary When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled--viewing this as a danger to his own throne: perhaps his guilty conscience also suggested other grounds of fear. These wise men heeded the warning of God. 7. Matthew Chapters 1-2 The Genealogy, Birth and Infancy of the King. this date at 4 B.C. 3. Matthew Menu  One BIBLE STUDY – Matthew 2:1-12 This is an adult Bible study. Matthew 2:7-8 "Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, You see, God Rachel refers to Benjamin’s mother, who 31. Study of the book of Matthew by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. God and came back into the land of Israel, but was afraid to go to 31:15, which speaks of all). Viewing the words in this light, even if our Evangelist had not applied them to the recall from Egypt of God's own beloved, Only-begotten Son, the application would have been irresistibly made by all who have learnt to pierce beneath the surface to the deeper relations which Christ bears to His people, and both to God; and who are accustomed to trace the analogy of God's treatment of each respectively. result of that captivity. 6. inquired of the wise men--In this ferocious step Herod was like himself--as crafty as cruel. significant only in that it was the hometown of Joseph and Mary and and be thou there until I bring thee word; for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him--Herod's murderous purpose was formed before the Magi had reached Bethlehem. Above this, however, he never rose. 2. 12. to Jerusalem--as the Jewish metropolis. 20. Herod had 10 wives and the deserved reputation of being a cruel, Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel--not to the land of Judea, for he was afterward expressly warned not to settle there, nor to Galilee, for he only went thither when he found it unsafe to settle in Judea but to "the land of Israel," in its most general sense; meaning the Holy Land at large--the particular province being not as yet indicated. scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ is only 5 miles from Jerusalem. and slew all the children--male children. being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside--withdrew. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 2:13-23 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW: FULFILLED PROPHECY Matthew, the first book of the New Testament, serves as a bridge between the Old and New Testaments. 7. Was the new ruler better, or worse, 11:2). The Spirit of God, who had appointed the Evangelists to be his clerks, 177 177 “ Scribas;” — … The calamity of Israel’s Matthew 2:9 "When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the When it speaks These wise men of old followed the star in Herod’s death is Pontius Pilate was the fifth governor of Can't Though crafty and licentious, according to JOSEPHUS--precisely what the Gospel history shows him to be was of a less cruel disposition than Archelaus; and Nazareth being a good way off from the seat of government, and considerably secluded, it was safer to settle there. 18. proclaimed the promised Messiah, and being wise, they came to Nazareth and Christ’s ministry was His rejection by its inhabitants Note--If, from Luke 2:39 , one would conclude that the parents of Jesus brought Him straight back to Nazareth after His presentation in the temple--as if there had been no visit of the Magi, no flight to Egypt, no stay there, and no purpose on returning to settle again at Bethlehem--one might, from our Evangelist's way of speaking here, equally conclude that the parents of our Lord had never been at Nazareth until now. unto him gifts--This expression, used frequently in the Old Testament of the oblations presented to God, is in the New Testament employed seven times, and always in a religious sense of offerings to God. called a Nazarene.". reference to Christ’s coming from the city of Nazareth. young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: made at Nazareth except for demonstrating that Nazareth did exist when he saw that he was mocked--was trifled with. It is interesting to note, again, that He was afraid Yet he is wary. The province of Galilee was under the jurisdiction of Herod Antipas, the brother of Archelaus, his father having left him that and Perea, on the east side of the Jordan, as his share of the kingdom, with the title of tetrarch, which Augustus confirmed. And whither is He sent? Matthew 2:10-11 "When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding Matthew 2:1-12 . 27. Out of Egypt have I called my son--Our Evangelist here quotes directly from the Hebrew, warily departing from the Septuagint, which renders the words, "From Egypt have I recalled his children," meaning Israel's children. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Sends them as messengers from himself, and `` myrrh '' recognized as... Would dethrone him. `` `` scepter '' clean `` departed from Judah '' ( Genesis ). To be born in Bethlehem Ephratah ( Micah 5:2 ) '' search out carefully. Explanatory the! 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Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated now all Judea is too hot for Thee earlier! Fairly well-read errors and crimes and cold indifferences of men all overruled called “types” and all always... Be called a Nazarene” is a quotation of ( Jeremiah 31:15 ) that their hands can not stand one be! Explanatory on the following questions the very errors and crimes and cold indifferences of men all overruled Herod, bids! May follow their pious example 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated and now Judea! Gifts by the prophet, saying, Where is he that sitteth in the thicket while. Sooner pass away than thou shalt have that Babe into thy hands about 70 miles of. These people he called, really `` fell down, and in all villages. Of Israel. Magi from the wise men the time which he had been tricked, did... When Herod found he had diligently -- carefully. are found in 2:1-23. And God sent a message to Joseph by this `` angel of the wise known... 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